In the language area, the children will work with the sandpaper letter boards. As soon as the sounds are memorised the child will enter the world of reading. Objects, pictures, language matching games, movable alphabets, books and accompanying workbooks are there to fulfil the child’s need to acquire proper reading and writing skills. Spelling and grammar activities are part of the language curriculum as well. Word lists and books are sent home to review; children love to show their parents their ‘homework’!
The mathematics area contains many different exercises giving the children the opportunity to work with units, teens, tens, hundreds and beyond. After recognising the numbers 0-9 and having completed numerous counting activities using specific Montessori materials, the child is ready to learn the numbers up to 20. The Montessori material, at every stage, helps the child to associate the quantity with the number.
At this age, children like to work with big numbers too. Recognising big numbers such as 5,426 and visualising the quantity is a big achievement. Their minds are ready to think in a more abstract way and therefore addition and subtraction will be introduced; first with materials and later without. Multiplication is introduced through the bead chains and later the squares and cubes of numbers. Fractions too are introduced through materials that can be traced and compared.
In the cultural area materials for history, geography, nature and science are presented, often combined with original material made by the teachers. As the children are very open to exploring language, the best way of providing new words is through the study of a novel and exciting topic. Regularly, this special subject will be discussed in group sessions; parents will be asked to bring books, pictures and objects so they too can participate and be part of this study. Excursions and arts & craft activities will complete the topic.